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Backgammon ist eines der ältesten Brettspiele der Welt. Es handelt sich um eine Mischung aus Strategie- und Glücksspiel. Dabei gewinnt jener Spieler, der als Erster alle eigenen Steine aus dem Spielfeld abtragen kann. Backgammon ist eines der ältesten Brettspiele der Welt. Es handelt sich um eine Mischung aus Strategie- und Glücksspiel. Dabei gewinnt jener Spieler, der als. Hier kannst du Backgammon gratis online gegen den Computer spielen. Eine gute Möglichkeit die Backgammon-Regeln zu lernen. Der Computer kümmert sich. Backgammon günstig online kaufen bei Amazon ✓ Neuheiten ✓ Große Auswahl: Holz, Koffer, Reise, Schach, Philos, Leder, Steine. Das Spielbrett besteht aus 24 "Punkten" (auch Felder/Zungen/Points genannt), auf denen sich die Spielsteine (je 15 pro Spieler) fortbewegen.
Das Spielbrett besteht aus 24 "Punkten" (auch Felder/Zungen/Points genannt), auf denen sich die Spielsteine (je 15 pro Spieler) fortbewegen. in diese Richtung zieht Schwarz Kleines Backgammon-Lexikon: Bar: Abtrennung der Spielhälften, Mittellinie Blots: Backgammon-Steine Board: Spielbrett. Spiele ohne Anmeldung - Backgammon liefert den ultimativen Suchtfaktor - gratis! ✅ Spiel Backgammon so lange du möchtest ✅ - Viel Spaß bei.
The quantrants are called 1 player's home board, 2 player's outer board, 3 opponent's home board, and 4 opponent's outer board.
The home and outer boards are separated from each other by a ridge down the center of the board called the bar.
There are 15 white and 15 black pieces called stones , and each player has all of one of the colors. Berliner stated that the victory was largely a matter of luck, as the computer received more favorable dice rolls.
In the late s, backgammon programmers found more success with an approach based on artificial neural networks. Its neural network was trained using temporal difference learning applied to data generated from self-play.
Tesauro proposed using rollout analysis to compare the performance of computer algorithms against human players.
The rollout score of the human or the computer is the difference of the average game results by following the selected move versus following the best move, then averaged for the entire set of taken moves.
The strength of these programs lies in their neural networks' weights tables, which are the result of months of training. Without them, these programs play no better than a human novice.
For the bearoff phase, backgammon software usually relies on a database containing precomputed equities for all possible bearoff positions.
Computer-versus-computer competitions are also held at Computer Olympiad events. The artifacts included two dice and 60 checkers, and the set is believed to be to years older than the Royal Game of Ur.
On the board found at Shahr-e Sukhteh, the fields are represented by the coils of a snake. Touraj Daryaee —on the subject of the first written mention of early precursors of backgammon—writes:.
The use of dice for the game is another indication of its Indic origin, since dice and gambling were a favorite pastime in ancient India.
According to the historical legend, the Indian king Dewisarm sends his minister Taxritos to Persia with the game of chess , and a letter challenging Sasanian King Khosrow I to solve the riddle or rationale for the game.
Khosrow asks for three days to decipher the game, but initially no-one in the court is able to make any progress. On the third day, Khosrow's minister, Wuzurgmihr, successfully rises and explains the logic of the game.
As a reciprocal challenge, Wuzurgmihr constructs the game of backgammon and delivers it to the Indian king who is unable to decipher the game.
In the 11th century Shahnameh , the Persian poet Ferdowsi credits Burzoe with the invention of the tables game nard in the 6th century.
He describes an encounter between Burzoe and a Raja visiting from India. The Raja introduces the game of chess , and Burzoe demonstrates nard , played with dice made from ivory and teak.
Murray details many versions of backgammon; modern Nard is noted there as being the same as backgammon and maybe dating back to — AD in the Babylonian Talmud,  although others believe the Talmud references the Greek race game Kubeia.
The history of backgammon can be traced back nearly 5, years to its origins in Mesopotamia modern-day Iraq. Modern Iraqis continue to enjoy playing the game.
The Royal Game of Ur, originating in ancient Mesopotamia before BC, may also be an ancestor of modern-day table games like backgammon.
It used tetrahedral dice. In the modern Middle East, backgammon is a common feature of coffeehouses. Race board games involving dice have a long history in Iraq, including the Royal Game of Ur in Babylon.
In the modern Arab Levant and Iraq it is called tawle , which means table, and it is also called shesh besh shesh means 'six' in Hebrew , Aramaic and Phoenician , but derives from Phoenician.
Shesh also means 'six' in Persian and Kurdish , and five is likely to be closely related to penj , meaning 'five'. There are two games of nardi commonly played:.
Short nardi : Set-up and rules are the same as backgammon. Long nardi : A game that starts with all fifteen checkers placed in one line on the point and on the point.
The two players move their checkers in opposing directions, from the point towards the 1-point, or home board. In long nardi , one checker by itself can block a point.
There is no hitting in long nardi. The objective of the game is bearing all checkers off the board, and there is no doubling cube.
Like today, each player had 15 checkers and used cubical dice with sides numbered one to six. The only differences from modern backgammon were the use of an extra die three rather than two and the starting of all pieces off the board with them entering in the same way that pieces on the bar enter in modern backgammon.
Zeno, who was white, had a stack of seven checkers, three stacks of two checkers and two "blots", checkers that stand alone on a point and are therefore in danger of being put outside the board by an incoming opponent checker.
Zeno threw the three dice with which the game was played and obtained 2, 5 and 6. As in backgammon, Zeno could not move to a space occupied by two opponent black pieces.
The white and black checkers were so distributed on the points that the only way to use all of the three results, as required by the game rules, was to break the three stacks of two checkers into blots, exposing them and ruining the game for Zeno.
In Roman times, this game was also known as alea , and a likely apocryphal Latin story linked this name, and the game, to a Trojan soldier named Alea.
Race board games involving dice have existed for millennia in the Near East and eastern Mediterranean, including the game senet of Ancient Egypt.
Senet was excavated, along with illustrations, from Egyptian royal tombs dating to BC. The usual Tavla rules are same as in the neighboring Arab countries and Greece, as established over a millennium ago,  but there are also many quite different variants.
Players try to flip their pieces over the opponents' pieces to beat them. Backgammon is popular among Greeks. It is a game in which Greeks usually tease their opponent and create a lively atmosphere.
Portes: Set-up and rules the same as backgammon, except that backgammons count as gammons 2 points and there is no doubling cube.
Plakoto : A game where one checker can trap another checker on the same point. Asodio: Also known as Acey-deucey , where all checkers are off the board, and players enter by rolling either doubles or acey-deucey.
These games are played one after another, in matches of three, five, or seven points. Players use the same pair of dice in turns.
After the first game, the winner of the previous game starts first. There is no doubling cube. Over time it was replaced by other games such as xiangqi Chinese chess.
In Japan, ban-sugoroku is thought to have been brought from China in the 6th century, and is mentioned in Genji monogatari. As a gambling game, it was made illegal several times.
By the 13th century, the board game Go , originally played only by the aristocracy, had become popular among the general public.
In Korea, it is called Ssang-ryuk or Jeopo. The jeux de tables 'Games of Tables' , predecessors of modern backgammon, first appeared in France during the 11th century and became a favorite pastime of gamblers.
In , Louis IX issued a decree prohibiting his court officials and subjects from playing. In Spain , the Alfonso X manuscript Libro de los juegos , completed in , describes rules for a number of dice and table games in addition to its extensive discussion of chess.
A wooden board and checkers were recovered from the wreck of the Vasa among the belongings of the ship's officers.
Some surviving artworks are Cardsharps by Caravaggio the backgammon board is in the lower left and The Triumph of Death by Pieter Bruegel the Elder the backgammon board is in the lower right.
In the 16th century, Elizabethan laws and church regulations prohibited playing tables, but by the 18th century, backgammon was popular among the English clergy.
In English, the word "backgammon" is most likely derived from "back" and Middle English : gamen , meaning 'game' or 'play'.
The earliest use documented by the Oxford English Dictionary was in The most recent major development in backgammon was the addition of the doubling cube.
The popularity of backgammon surged in the mids, in part due to the charisma of Prince Alexis Obolensky who became known as "The Father of Modern Backgammon".
He also established the World Backgammon Club of Manhattan, devised a backgammon tournament system in , then organized the first major international backgammon tournament in March , which attracted royalty, celebrities and the press.
Cigarette, liquor and car companies began to sponsor tournaments, and Hugh Hefner held backgammon parties at the Playboy Mansion.
Board and committee members include many of the top players, tournament directors and writers in the worldwide backgammon community.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. One of the oldest board games for two players. For the film, see Backgammon film. For the jazz album, see Backgammon album.
A backgammon set, consisting of a board, two sets of 15 checkers, two pairs of dice, a doubling cube, and dice cups.
Play media. Main article: Tables board game. This section may be confusing or unclear to readers. In particular, the picture is incorrect because it does not take into account that when rolling doubles, a given distance may be traveled using the rolled number 3 or 4 times.
Please help us clarify the section. There might be a discussion about this on the talk page. November Learn how and when to remove this template message.
See also: List of World Backgammon champions. See also: Nard game. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. New Series 1 9 : — Hacker Art Books.
Backgammon For Dummies. Backgammon to Win. Lulu Com. Backgammon Galore!. Rules of play describe a particular variation of backgammon and on this there is no disagreement among international tournaments.
In fact, tournament rules sets do not usually specify these rules but might instead refer, as in the US Rules, to the 'commonly accepted rules of backgammon.
Gaming Guide - Gambling in Europe. Backgammon for Winners Third ed. To start the game, each player throws a single die.
This determines both the player to go first and the numbers to be played. Retrieved Backgammon for Serious Players Second ed. Archived from the original on Artificial Intelligence.
Archived from the original PDF on Archived from the original on 13 September Archived from the original on 13 March The three games together are called 'Tavli' and are usually played one after the other in matches of three, five, or seven points Backgammon Galore!
US Backgammon Federation. Operations Research. Backgammon for Dummies. An exposure of the arts and miseries of gambling.
This makes it more difficult for the opponent to roll to get back into the game after being knocked off. Feeling fiesty? Intentionally leave some checkers back to try and knock the opponent off the board as they make a run for their home territory!
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Bag Gammon - Online Backgammon spielenWeitere Spiele von Arkadium Denk. Präzisionswürfel verwendet. Erst wenn der Gegner angenommen hat, darf dieser Wurf erfolgen. Recycling Schrott-Monster Hier muss kräftig aufgeräumt werden. In diesem Falle ist es nicht möglich 6 Augen mit dem einen, und 2 Augen mit dem anderen Stein zu ziehen. Der Spieler, der die höhere Zahl geworfen hat, beginnt, indem er seine Steine um die Anzahl der Augen auf beiden Würfeln vorwärts rücken lässt. Spiele jetzt den bekannten Spieleklassiker online und völlig kostenlos. Starting in Januarytournament directors began awarding GammonPoints,  a free points Online Blackjack Gratis for tournament directors and players, with GammonPoint awards based on the number of players and strength of field. Thanksgiving Backgammon. The game is now in your favorites! Backgammon is the first game developed by CardGames. Backgammon playing Exchange Kostenlos Spielen Ohne Anmeldung may be termed checkers, draughts, stones, men, counters, pawns, discs, pips, chips, or nips. Players use the same pair of dice in turns. A variant of the doubling cube "beaver" is the Europameisterschaft Gruppe D. In Japan, ban-sugoroku is thought to have been brought from China in the 6th century, and is mentioned in Genji monogatari. Although 64 is the highest number depicted on the doubling cube, the stakes may rise to, and so on. To speed up Casino Review play and to provide an added dimension for strategy, a doubling cube is usually used. Backgammon ist eine Mischung aus Glück und Können. Es wird von zwei Spielern mit je 15 Steinen auf einem Brett mit 24 Feldern. Die Steine werden je nach. Spiele ohne Anmeldung - Backgammon liefert den ultimativen Suchtfaktor - gratis! ✅ Spiel Backgammon so lange du möchtest ✅ - Viel Spaß bei. in diese Richtung zieht Schwarz Kleines Backgammon-Lexikon: Bar: Abtrennung der Spielhälften, Mittellinie Blots: Backgammon-Steine Board: Spielbrett. Backgammon ist ein Spiel für zwei Spieler, das auf einem Brett gespielt wird, das aus vierundzwanzig länglichen Dreiecken, genannt Punkte, besteht.
This backgammon site even remembers your preferences every time you come back so you'll be set to play immediately! The gameplay on Backgammon is seamless and you'll quickly become addicted to the beautiful artwork and perfect puzzle game.
Backgammon is a popular ancient board game. It is played with two players lucky you, we have a computer player to enjoy! The object of backgammon is to move all your checkers around the board in a clockwise motion and ultimately bear off the checkers from the board.
The first player to remove all their checkers is the winner. Alternate turns with your opponent moving checkers toward your home in the upper right hand quadrant of the backgammon board.
Move checkers by rolling the dice. The numbers on the dice refer to how many spaces you may move with one or more checkers. Highlights show you where the checkers can possibly move.
If you roll doubles, you get to move each die twice, concluding in four moves for that turn. You may move your checkers onto any Point so long as it is occupied by your checkers, is empty, or has 1 opponent checker.
You may not move your checkers onto a Point with two or more opponent checkers. If you land on a Point with one opponent checker, you knock the opponent's checker off the board and send it back to the beginning.
The opponent must now roll and move into an empty spot in your home territory to get that checker back into gameplay.
They may not move any other checkers until that knocked off checker is returned. Beware though! Leaving your checkers open with only one on a point leaves them open to be knocked off by your opponent as well!
Once you move all your checkers into the upper right quadrant in the single player backgammon game , you may start bearing off. This means you can place your checkers into the slot on the right, removing them from the board.
Whoever manages to do this first wins! Or send the link below to them, if they click it they'll join automatically: OK.
Join private table Please enter the code for the table: OK Cancel. Want to create a table for just you and your friends?
You can Create a private table or if someone has sent you a code you can join a private table. What do you want to say to your opponent? Well played!
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App out of date Hi. Backgammon Multiplayer. You can't challenge yourself. But you can change your name if you want! Enter your name Please enter a name to display to other players Cancel OK.
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You can always reconnect by pressing the "Multiplayer" button Close. Would you like to play another game with the same players?
No Yes OK Cancel. Congratulations, you won! Suggest rematch Start a new game! We are using cookies! Show me personalized ads.
We have an app now! Yes, get the app! Roll the dice and find out if you can remove all of your checkers from the board, but watch out!
You might find yourself playing against some true Backgammon masters! Backgammon rules are simple. Just remove all of your checkers from the board before your opponent does.
Roll the dice and move them counterclockwise around the board as you try to get them to an area called the home board. All Girls.
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